The construction of facts: preconditions for meaning in teaching energy in Swedish classrooms
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 32, no 9, 1173-1189 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigates the mechanisms that govern the processes of inclusion and exclusion of knowledges. It draws on three cases from Swedish classrooms about how energy is created as an area of knowledge. We are interested in how knowledge is made valid and legitimate in a school context, and in defining and finding tools to identify structures that govern potential meanings in a certain situation. To do this we develop a theoretical model that explains the preconditions for meaning. The purpose is to understand why certain knowledges are legitimated in the classroom and to explain how this happens. The analysis is based on participatory observations in classrooms, audio recordings of students engaged in group projects, educational materials, and the students' own work. The apparatuses of the school offer a wide range of possible meanings concerning energy. At the same time there are forces evolved in the school practice that effectively sift out what counts as values from what counts as facts and valid knowledge. These forces create a certain order and certain effects for what counts as truth. The article investigates the nature of the correlations between the different preconditions identified that makes one discourse more likely and “true” than another.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 32, no 9, 1173-1189 p.
Classroom; Learning activities; Science education discourse; Discourse; Facts; Preconditions
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Educational Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45362DOI: 10.1080/09500690902984800ISI: 000277828700003Local ID: 82030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45362DiVA: diva2:266224