Evidence for Mn2+ ions at surfaces of La0. 7Sr 0.3MnO3 thin films
2005 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, Vol. 71, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present a detailed investigation of the valence of manganese sites at the surface of colossal magnetoresistance La0.7Sr 0.3MnO3 (LSMO) thin films by x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The XAS Mn L-edge spectra of epitaxial LSMO films usually show a peak or shoulder at 640 eV. Differences in the intensity of this feature are commonly attributed to slight changes in the Mn3+/Mn4+ ratio or the crystal field strength. By comparison of different XAS spectra of LSMO thin films with the known multiplet structure of Mn2+ in a cubic crystal field, we assign this 640-eV feature to Mn2+ ions. XAS with increased surface sensitivity, combined with photon energy-dependent photoelectron spectroscopy measurements of the Mn(3s) exchange splitting, show that the Mn2+ species are mainly located at the surface. The Mn2+ scenario indicates significant modification of the LSMO surface with respect to the bulk properties that should be taken into account in all the charge and spin tunneling and injection experiments. © 2005 The American Physical Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 71, no 1
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45528DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.014434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45528DiVA: diva2:266424