Costs and effects of prostate cancer screening in Sweden: a 15-year follow-up of a randomized trial
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, ISSN 0036-5599, E-ISSN 1651-2065, Vol. 38, no 4, 291-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To estimate the lifetime cost per detected potentially curable cancer and the economic impact on healthcare of repeated screening for prostate cancer in Sweden in a cohort of men aged 50-69 years.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
All 9171 men in a geographically defined population were included: 1492 were randomized to screening in four rounds every third year and 7679 constituted a control group. Digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen screening in different combinations were used as diagnostic measures. Costs associated with administration of the screening programme, loss of patient time, diagnostic measures and management strategies were included. A decision model was developed to calculate the total cost of the programme.
The incremental cost per extra detected localized cancer was 168,000 SEK and per potentially curable cancer 356,000 SEK. Introducing this screening programme for prostate cancer in Sweden would incur 244 million SEK annually in additional costs for screening and treatment compared to a non-screening strategy.
There is still no scientific evidence that patients will benefit from screening programmes. Prostate cancer screening would probably be perceived as cost-effective if potentially curable patients gained on average at least 1 year of survival.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 38, no 4, 291-298 p.
Costs, Prostate cancer, Screening
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45606DOI: 10.1080/00365590410028890OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45606DiVA: diva2:266502