Fluorescence quenching and excitation transfer between semiconducting and metallic organic layers
2004 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 96, no 6, 3140-3147 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Here we present a simple approach to study the interaction of singlet excitons with polarons in conjugated polymers in organic electronic devices. Interlayer quenching constants KIL of 1.5 M−1 between a fluorescent molecule and a doped polymer in a layered sample demonstrates the importance of understanding the quenching of excited states in polymeric devices. A combination of Förster resonance energy transfer and quenching of photoluminescence between a fluorescent molecule and a conjugated polymer in its semiconducting and metallic states were studied. The polymer is a chiral 3-substituted polythiophene (POWT) and the fluorescent molecule is fluorescein bound to dextran (D-FITC). Bilayer samples with fluorescein on top of the POWT were fabricated and studied with absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence microscopy, and electrochemical doping methods. When POWT is electrochemically dedoped it is possible to enhance the photoluminescence in the polymer layer by excitation transfer from the fluorescein layer. Our results demonstrate that PL from the polythiophene disappears rapidly as soon as the layer is doped. As the doping of polymer layer increases the fluorescence from the fluorescein on top of the polymer decreases, due to excitation quenching. Models for excitation transfer and excitation quenching in POWT/FITC bilayer devices have been developed. This model predicts a linear relationship between the PL from the two molecules, in agreement with our experimental findings. These results are relevant for the development of electroluminescent devices or solar cells based on conjugated polymers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 96, no 6, 3140-3147 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45631DOI: 10.1063/1.1774247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45631DiVA: diva2:266527