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Transparent low-work-function indium tin oxide electrode obtained by molecular scale interface engineering
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry .
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8845-6296
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology.
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry .
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2004 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 85, no 9, 1616-1618 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Transparent low-work-function indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode was obtained by using molecular scale interface engineering. The modified ITO surface may be used as electron injecting electrode in polymer light-emitting devices. ITO surfaces, exposed to TDAE molecules, were found to be stable upon exposure to air, and to mild annealing. Photoelectron spectroscopy measurements show that the low-work-function of the modified electrode remains upon exposure to air in gentle annealing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 85, no 9, 1616-1618 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45659DOI: 10.1063/1.1785873OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45659DiVA: diva2:266555
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13
In thesis
1. Interface Engineering in Organic Electronics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interface Engineering in Organic Electronics
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Organic electronics is a field covering all applications and devices where one or several of the active components are made of organic material, such as organic light emitting diodes, organic solar cells, organic thin film transistors, organic magnets for spintronics etc. In all of the applications mentioned above, transport of charges across both inorganic/organic and organic/organic interfaces play a key role for device performance. In order to achieve high efficiencies and longer life-times, proper matching of the electronic energy levels of the different materials is needed.

The aim of the research presented in this thesis has been to explore different routes to optimize interface energetics and gain deeper knowledge of the mechanisms that govern charge transport over the interface. Photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) is a method well suited to study both interactions between different materials taking place at surfaces as well as interface energetics.

One way to achieve proper matching of interfaces energy levels is by adding a dipole layer. In the three first papers presented in the thesis, the method of adding a monolayer of small organic molecules to change the work function of the surface is investigated. We start with a model system consisting of a nickel surface and PPDA molecules where we have strong interaction and mixing of orbitals between the molecule and the metal surface. The second system consists of a gold surface and TDAE molecules with weaker interaction with integer electron transfer and finally in the third paper an organic surface VPP-PEDOT-Tos is modified, with TDAE, to create a transparent low work function organic electrode. In the fourth paper, we focus on gaining deeper understanding of the Integer Charge Transfer (ICT) model and the mechanisms governing the alignment of energy levels at organic/(in)organic interfaces and in the fifth paper we continue to challenge this model by using it to predict the behavior of a bilayer device, in terms of energy level alignment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 38 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1411
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72236 (URN)978-91-7393-018-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-12-14, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-11-23 Created: 2011-11-23 Last updated: 2013-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Osikowicz, WojciechCrispin, XavierTengstedt, CarlLindell, LindaKugler, ThomasSalaneck, William R

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Applied Physics Letters
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