Multivariate optimisation of electrochemically pre-treated electrodes used in a voltammetric electronic tongue
2004 (English)In: Analytica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0003-2670, Vol. 519, no 1, 39-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The use of experimental design as a tool to optimise electrochemically cleaned electrodes applied in a voltammetric electronic tongue is described. A simple and quick activation of electrode surfaces is essential for this type of device, especially for on-line applications in industrial processes. The electronic tongue consisted of four metal electrodes, e.g. Au, Ir, Pt, and Rh in a three-electrode configuration. Current was measured as a function of large potential pulses of decreasing amplitude applied to each electrode. Preliminary results showed that electrochemical cleaning activated the electrode surfaces to similar extent as polishing. Settings of potential and time for each electrode was determined with experimental design in a solution containing 1.0 mM K 4[Fe(CN)6] in 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 6.8). Electrode surfaces were deactivated in-between measurements in a complex liquid, like tea. Optimal settings for potential and time in the electrochemical cleaning procedure at each electrode were chosen at recoveries of 100% (compared to polished electrodes). The recoveries were larger than 100% when too large potentials and times were applied. This could be explained by the fact that the electrode areas increased and therefore also the current responses. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to investigate the stability of the electrode settings at 100% recoveries. No obvious trends of drift in the signals were found. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 519, no 1, 39-46 p.
Electrode pre-treatment, Electronic tongue, Experimental design, Optimisation, Principal component analysis and voltammetry
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45664DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2004.03.070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45664DiVA: diva2:266560