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Collaborative energy partnerships in relation to development of core business focus and competence: a study of Swedish pulp and paper companies and energy service companies
Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2004 (English)In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 13, no 2, 78-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several aspects of the growing market for energy-related collaboration between pulp and paper industries (PPIs) and energy service companies (ESCOs) in Sweden were investigated through in-depth interviews with PPI and ESCO managers. Aspects of concern are the different forms of co-operation established, the managers' views on the recent changes made regarding competence and business focus, the managers' views on the opportunities and risks with energy related co-operation and the implications for sustainable industrial energy management. The study shows that there is a mutual belief among PPI and ESCO managers that co-operation can provide opportunities for improved competitiveness through a more rational distribution of competences between companies. The main two barriers against the utilization of this potential are that ESCOs must prove that they can bring added values other than capital to pulp and paper mills, and the lack of competition between external energy service providers. Furthermore, we argue that adding aspects related to competence and inter-firm partnering can improve the existing theory surrounding barriers and opportunities for sustainable industrial energy management in manufacturing industries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 13, no 2, 78-95 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45803DOI: 10.1002/bse.396OAI: diva2:266699
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2013-01-21
In thesis
1. Optimisation and co-operative perspectives on industrial energy systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optimisation and co-operative perspectives on industrial energy systems
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increased global competition and growing environmental concerns around the world are two major trends affecting companies today. Tougher competition has led companies to focus primarily on their core business activities, which may lead to a shortage of resources for support activities, such as energy management. This development takes place while environmental concerns step up requirements regarding companies' environmental performance, with global warming at the forefront. Together these issues have increased the management complexity and thus the need for relevant decision support. The purpose of this thesis is to study ways to reach a more comprehensive view of industrial energy systems than is the case today, and thereby achieve more efficient systems.

One theme in this thesis is to investigate analysis approaches, mainly based on optimisation, that can help to produce a comprehensive view of industrial energy systems. The subject of the studies was an integrated steel plant in Sweden which has a connected CHP plant that uses the excess process gases from the steel plant as fuel. The studies included analyses of the operation planning during both internal process variations and changed external conditions. They also included analyses of relations between objectives such as cost, energy use, and environmental performance by applying a multi-objective approach. The analyses proved to provide a comprehensive view of how the system reacts to various changes, which factors are the essential ones for different objectives, and what trade-offs can be made between the objectives.

In addition to this, two studies were conducted of energy-related co-operations between companies. The first looked at co-operation where energy service companies bring competence and other resources related to energy efficiency to the pulp and paper industry. The main aspects of concern were: the managers' views on the opportunities and risks with energy-related co-operation; and its implications for industrial energy management. The second study investigated co-operation between process industries and municipal energy companies with regard to indus trial waste heat deliveries and jointly owned combined heat and power plants. The study emphasised incentives for and barriers to this kind of co-operation. In both studies it was found that trust between the parties is important, that the form of the contract is also important especially to bring the focus to bear on common benefits rather than just one's own, and to reduce the risks involved in co-operation.

Based on the performed studies possible implications of decision support based on optimisation and co-operation between companies are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2004. 98 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 913
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22683 (URN)1974 (Local ID)91-85295-95-7 (ISBN)1974 (Archive number)1974 (OAI)
Public defence
2004-12-02, Sal C3, Hus C, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-01-21

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