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Private car as the grand equaliser? Demographic factors and mobility in Finnish men and women aged 65+
Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 9, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies.
2004 (English)In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, Vol. 7, no 2, 107-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study examined the association between selected demographic variables and community-related mobility of Finnish elderly citizens. A mail survey was sent to 2500 Finnish citizens aged 65 and over. The overall response rate was 62%. Mobility was measured in two dimensions: overt travel behaviour and unfulfilled travel needs. Several demographic variables had a clear association with both dimensions of mobility. Sub-groups with reduced mobility included women, rural residents, the oldest old, and those without a driver license. When the interactions of single demographic variables were controlled for, significant predictors for hindered mobility were absence of driver license and rural-type residing. The results indicate that the level of mobility varies among the elderly, and there are certain sub-groups with limited mobility, often those with less overall resources. The possibility to drive a private car is, at present, crucial for older persons' mobility, which has important implications both for further research and policy discussion. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 7, no 2, 107-118 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45814DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2004.02.003OAI: diva2:266710
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-12

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Hakamies-Blomqvist, Liisa
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Faculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Thematic Studies
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