Prominent Ears: The Effect of Reconstructive Surgery on Self-Esteem and Social Interaction in Children with a Minor Defect Compared to Children with a Major Orthopedic Defect
2008 (English)In: Plastic and reconstructive surgery (1963), ISSN 0032-1052, Vol. 122, no 5, 1390-1398 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: In a prospective study of patients with prominent ears, the effect of reconstructive surgery on self-esteem and social interaction was examined 1 year after surgery. Methods: Of 42 patients with prominent ears aged 7 to 15 years, 21 were matched with a comparison group of orthopedic patients (leg lengthening) and a control group of schoolchildren. Psychological measures evaluated self-esteem, depression, anxiety, cognition, parents' ratings of child behavior and symptoms, and parent anxiety. Semistructured interviews with the child and parents were also conducted. Results: The motivation to be operated on was pain, teasing, and feelings of being different. The satisfaction rate with the result of reconstructive surgery was high. The psychological measures of the prominent ears group had results close to those of the control group, although the leg lengthening group had lower self-esteem and higher depression and anxiety scores. With few exceptions, all patients had scores within the normal range on self-rating scales. Parents reported less activity at leisure time in both patient groups than in the control group. After surgery, parents reported improved behavior on the Child Behavior Checklist total problem score. Conclusions: Patients with minor defects had fewer self-reported psychological and behavior problems than the major defect group. Interestingly, prominent ears patients also had low activity levels. Reconstructive surgery had no adverse effect on the prominent ears patients in this interim study but rather resulted in improved well-being. It is important to investigate further the effect of reconstructive surgery on children's self-esteem and social interaction. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 122: 1390, 2008.)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 122, no 5, 1390-1398 p.
National CategorySocial Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45848DOI: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181881fb0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45848DiVA: diva2:266744