Quantitative interpretation of gold nanoparticle-based bioassays designed for detection of immunocomplex formation
2007 (English)In: BIOINTERPHASES, ISSN 1559-4106, Vol. 2, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The authors present in this paper how the extended Mie theory can be used to translate not only end-point data but also temporal variations of extinction peak-position changes, Delta lambda(peak)(t), into absolute mass uptake, Gamma(t), upon biomacromolecule binding to localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR) active nanoparticles (NPs). The theoretical analysis is applied on a novel sensor template composed of a three-layer surface architecture based on (i) a self-assembled monolayer of HS(CH2)(15)COOH, (ii) a 1:1 mixture of biotinylated and pure poly(L-lysine)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLL-g-PEG), and (iii) NeutrAvidin. Assisted by independent estimations of the thickness of the three-layer architecture using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) monitoring, excellent agreement with parallel mass-uptake estimations using planar SPR is obtained. Furthermore, unspecific binding of serum to PLL-g-PEG was shown to be below the detection limit, making the surface architecture ideally suited for label-free detection of immunoreactions. To ensure that the immunocomplex formation occurred within the limited sensing depth (similar to 10 nm) of the NPs, a compact model system composed of a biotinylated human recombinant single-chain antibody fragment (empty set similar to 2 nm) directed against cholera toxin was selected. By tracking changes in the centroid (center of mass) of the extinction peak, rather than the actual peak position, signal-to-noise levels and long-term stability upon cholera toxin detection are demonstrated to be competitive with results obtained using conventional SPR and state-of-the-art QCM-D data. (C) 2007 American Vacuum Society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 2, no 1
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-45886DOI: 10.1116/1.2700235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-45886DiVA: diva2:266782