Sp1 and NF-kappa B transcription factor activity in the regulation of the p21 and FasL promoters during promyelocytic leukemia cell monocytic differentiation and its associated apoptosis
2004 (English)In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, Vol. 1030, 569-577 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Treatment of human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) results in growth arrest and differentiation toward monocytes, which subsequently die by apoptosis. However, the relationship between terminal differentiation and apoptosis remains unclear. Here we have studied Sp1 and nuclear factor B-K (NF-B-K) transcription factor activity in controlling promoters of cell cycle-regulating (p21/WAF1/CIP1) and cell death (FasL) genes during monocytic differentiation and apoptosis of the human acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines NB4 and HL-60. Using the electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we observed that PMA treatment of NB4 cells caused an early response in Sp1 binding to the p21 and FasL promoters at 8 h. The firmly adherent cell phenotype, characteristic of differentiated cells, retained Sp1-binding activity to either promoter, but it was often lost completely in detached, apoptotic cells. The association of Sp1 with the p21 promoter during monocytic differentiation correlated with the levels of expressed p21 in the cytoplasmic fraction, as detected by immunoblotting. In HL-60 cells, very weak or no Sp1 binding to either promoter was observed. Low NF-B-K affinity for its consensus sites and to the FasL promoter was characteristic of apoptotic cells. The results of this study suggest a positive role of Sp1 and NF-B-K, as regulators of p21 and FasL genes, in leukemic cell survival and monocytic differentiation and a negative role in apoptotic cell death.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 1030, 569-577 p.
apoptosis, monocytic differentiation, leukemia, Sp1, NF-kappa B
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46126DOI: 10.1196/annals.1329.066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46126DiVA: diva2:267022