Temperament and character: prognostic factors in whiplash patients?
2004 (English)In: European spine journal, ISSN 0940-6719, Vol. 13, no 5, 408-414 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We studied the relationship between whiplash injury and personality in 40 whiplash patients who admitted the hospital within 8 h from the car accident and 80 age- and gender-matched controls. For this purpose we used the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). We found that personality dimensions in whiplash patients both in the acute phase and at follow-up 2 years later showed the same results, i.e., significantly less Harm Avoidant (less anxious, low HA) than controls, but when dividing patients into groups depending on severity of outcome from whiplash injury 2 years after, no differences were found. According to our results personality symptoms related to whiplash injury is probably not a secondary phenomenon. Whiplash patients were normally developed in character, i.e., self-directedness (SD), and CO (cooperativeness) and therefore in general are capable of coping with their somatic problems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 13, no 5, 408-414 p.
whiplash, personality, temperament, character, TCI, harm avoidance
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46205DOI: 10.1007/s00586-004-0681-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46205DiVA: diva2:267101