An investigation of structural optimization in crashworthiness design using a stochastic approach
2004 (English)In: Structural and multidisciplinary optimization (Print), ISSN 1615-147X, E-ISSN 1615-1488, Vol. 27, no 6, 446-459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper the response surface methodology (RSM) and stochastic optimization (SO) are compared with regard to their efficiency and applicability in crashworthiness design. Optimization of simple analytic expressions and optimization of a front rail structure are the applications used to assess the respective qualities of both methods. A low detail vehicle structure is optimized to demonstrate the applicability of the methods in engineering practice. The investigations reveal that RSM is better compared to SO for fewer than 10–15 design variables. The convergence behaviour of SO improves compared to RSM when the number of design variables is increased. A novel zooming method is proposed which improves the convergence behaviour. A combination of both the RSM and the SO is efficient, stochastic optimization could be used in order to determine appropriate starting points for an RSM optimization, which continues the optimization. Two examples are investigated using this combined method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 27, no 6, 446-459 p.
finite element analysis, response surface methodology, stochastic optimization, structural optimization
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46208DOI: 10.1007/s00158-004-0400-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46208DiVA: diva2:267104