Compounds of Li-6 and natural Li for EPR dosimetry in photon/neutron mixed radiation fields
2004 (English)In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A - Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, ISSN 1386-1425, Vol. 60, no 6, 1319-1326 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Formates and dithionates of Li-6, enriched and Li-7 in natural composition of Li offer a possibility to measure the absorbed dose from photons and thermal neutrons in a mixed radiation field for instance at a boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) facility. Tests with formates and dithionates of enriched 6Li and lithium compounds with natural composition have been performed at the BNCT facility at Studsvik, Sweden. Irradiations have been performed at 3 cm depth in a Perspex phantom in a fluence rate of thermal neutrons 1.8 x 10(9) n cm(-2) s(-1). The compounds were also irradiated in a pure X-ray field from a 4 MV linear accelerator at 5 cm depth in a phantom with accurately determined absorbed doses. The signal intensity and shape was investigated within 3 h after the irradiation. A single line spectrum attributed to the CO2- radical was observed after irradiation of lithium formate. An increase in line width occurring after neutron irradiation in comparison with photon irradiation of the Li-6 sample was attributed to dipolar broadening between CO2- radicals trapped in the tracks of the alpha particles. A spectrum due to the SO3- radical anion was observed after irradiation of lithium dithionate. The signal amplitude increased using the Li-6 in place of the Li with natural composition of isotopes, in studies with low energy X-ray irradiation. Due to the decreased line width, caused by the difference in g(N) and I between the isotopes, the sensitivity with Li-6 dithionate may be enhanced by an order of magnitude compared to alanine dosimetry. After comprehensive examination of the different combinations of compounds with different amounts of Li-6 and Li-7 regarding dosimetry, radiation chemistry and EPR properties these dosimeter material might be used for dose determinations at BNCT treatments and for biomedical experiments. Interesting properties of the radical formation might be visible due to the large difference in ionization density of neutrons compared to photons. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 60, no 6, 1319-1326 p.
EPR dosimetry, Li-6, Li-7, photon/neutron fields
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46227DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2003.10.029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46227DiVA: diva2:267123