Intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) enhances mechanical strength and density of new bone after distraction osteogenesis in rats
2004 (English)In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, ISSN 0736-0266, Vol. 22, no 3, 472-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Distraction osteogenesis is used both for leg lengthening and for bone transportation in the treatment of fractures and nonunions. The main problem with this method is that the time until full recovery may be up to a year, partly because of the time needed for the new formed bone to consolidate and become strong enough for weight bearing. We have studied whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH(1-34)) could accelerate the consolidation of new formed bone after distraction osteogenesis in rats. Forty-seven, 3-months-old mate Sprague-Dawley rats underwent lengthening of the right femur using an external fixator. After a middiaphyseal osteotomy and a 7-day latency period, the callus was distracted during 10 days, with a distraction rate of 0.25 mm twice a day. The consolidation time was either 20 days or 40 days after distraction was completed. A dose of 60 mug of human PTH(1-34)/kg body weight/injection or vehicle was given every second day beginning 30 days before the rats were killed. Both femura of each rat were subjected to mechanical testing and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Blinded histological examination was done for the distracted femura. In the 20 days consolidation experiment, PTH(1-34) increased ultimate load (56%), stiffness (117%), total regenerate callus volume (58%), callus BMC (24%) and histologic bone density (35%) compared to untreated distraction osteogenesis specimens. In the 40 days consolidation experiment, PTH(1-34) increased ultimate load (54%), stiffness (55%), callus BMC (33%) and histologic bone density (23%) compared to untreated distraction osteogenesis specimens. Total regenerate callus volume was unchanged. The contralateral femur also became stronger, stiffer and denser under PTH(1-34) treatment, but to a lesser degree. PTH(1-34) might become useful to shorten the consolidation time after distraction osteogenesis in humans. (C) 2003 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 22, no 3, 472-478 p.
parathyroid hormone, bone regeneration, distraction osteogenesis, rat
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46240DOI: 10.1016/j.orthres.2003.08.018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46240DiVA: diva2:267136