Background Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown to attenuate adverse remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and the same has been suggested for angiotensin 11 type I receptor antagonists in animal models. Therefore the aim of the study was to compare the effects of losartan and captopril on regional systolic, diastolic, and overall left ventricular (LV) function after AMI. Methods Two hundred twenty-five patients aged 50 years with documented AMI and heart failure and/or LV dysfunction were randomly assigned treatment with either losartan (50 mg/d) or captopril (50 mg 3 times/d). Echocardiography was performed at randomization and after 3 months, echocardiograms were analyzed blinded at the core laboratory. Main outcome measures were changes in wall motion score index (WMSI), E-wave deceleration time (E-DT), and Tei index of overall LV function. Results WMSI decreased in both groups (losartan 1.58 +/- 0.23 to 1.52 +/- 0.26, P = .009, captopril 1.60 +/- 0.24 to 1.48 +/- 0.22, P < .001), although the decrease was greater in patients allocated to captopril (captopril -0.12 &PLUSMN, 0.17 vs losartan -0.05 &PLUSMN, 0.19, P = .007). In both groups E-DT increased, although the increase was significant only in patients treated with captoril (193 &PLUSMN, 61 ms to 208 &PLUSMN, 70 ms, P = .05). The change in E-DT was not different between treatment groups (captopril 14 &PLUSMN, 74 ms vs losartan 7 &PLUSMN, 80 ms, P = .52). Tei index decreased in both groups (losartan 0.59 &PLUSMN, 0.13 to 0.55 &PLUSMN, 0.15, P = .04, captopril 0.62 &PLUSMN, 0.15 to 0.55 &PLUSMN, 0.13, P < .001). However, the reduction was significantly greater in patients treated with captopril (captopril -0.08 +/- 0.14 vs losartan -0.03 +/- 0.14, P = .01). Conclusion Losartan and captopril improve systolic and overall IV function after AMI, but the benefit is greater for patients treated with captopril.
2004. Vol. 147, no 3, 494-501 p.