Cutter head forces and load cell scanning
2003 (English)In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, Vol. 37, no 03-Apr, 199-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Among the machinery found in wood manufacturing industries, routers and planers are the most commonly used. These tools, which many times are mounted on metal cylinders, actually operate only briefly, i.e., when a chip is cut from a piece of wood under process. The rest of the time the knife follows the cylinder surface and a cycloid is formed relative to the work piece, which in turn is fed into the machine. A number of knives are mounted on the cutter, which ascertain that the planed surface will become sufficiently planed and does not show too a wavy pattern. This works fine for high revolutions and low feeding speeds even if problems sometimes occur. Factories, however, naturally want to increase the overall manufacturing speed, which means that at the same time more defects are introduced at the planed surface. These defects are the result of the cutting process. In this paper, we examine, by use of a load cell, how the cutting forces vary during the formation of a wood chip. Wood is not an isotropic material and knots and other anomalies make the evaluation harder. In order to simplify the conditions, experiments are also shown from the cutting of a plastic polymer material as well as Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF). It is shown that the work piece vibrated intensely which littered all output data from the cell. Experience from the experiments however made it possible to design a computerised filter which saved only those registrations which were of interest while the others were set to zero. For beech, the forces were found to be of the magnitude 50 N/cm opposite to the feeding direction while the tranverse forces changed signs and had a magnitude of about 5 N/cm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 37, no 03-Apr, 199-211 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46323DOI: 10.1007/s00226-003-0174-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46323DiVA: diva2:267219