Non-adhesive organ culture of human biliary epithelium with stroma
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 43, no 4, 473-479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective. Explanted tissue has been shown to keep adult human cells in organ culture with a preserved morphology for at least one month as spheres in a non-adhesive organ culture. In the present study, we explored whether also human biliary epithelium can be grown in this manner, because the result may be of interest in studies of hepato-biliary-pancreatic carciogenesis. Material and methods. Small tissue samples were obtained from the gallbladder wall of patients who had been operated upon with cholecystectomy. Fragments of about 300 µm in diameter from each patient were cultured and investigated with light microscopy at the time of explantation and after 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 days of culture. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy were performed to demonstrate the ultrastructure. Incubation of cultured fragments with the vital dyes revealed a viable epithelium. Results. At the time of explantation, all the tissue fragments had a rough appearance with an uneven, torn periphery, while during the first few days of culture they became rounder with a smooth-looking surface covering the entire circumference. This spheroid morphology persisted for the remainder of the culture period. The core of the fragments harboured connective tissue with vascular elements, fibroblasts and leucocytes. Immunostaining for cytokeratin 7, 19 and 20 revealed a strong positive staining of the epithelium. Conclusions. These results show that biliary epithelium can be grown in vitro in a non-adhesive organ culture with their stroma. © 2008 Taylor & Francis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 43, no 4, 473-479 p.
Biliary epithelium, Organ culture, Spheroide, Stroma
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46455DOI: 10.1080/00365520701763373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46455DiVA: diva2:267351