liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Living with heart failure: Depression and quality of life in patients and spouses
Department of Cardiology, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden, School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden, Department of Primary Health Care, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden, Department of Cardiology, Ryhov County Hospital, S-551 85 Jönköping, Sweden.
School of Nursing, Univ. of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.
School of Nursing, California State University, Fullerton, CA, United States.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2003 (English)In: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, ISSN 1053-2498, Vol. 22, no 4, 460-467 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Although spouses are a key support for patients with heart failure, and help them remain in the community, no one has studied patient-spouse pairs to determine the nature of their experience. Therefore, we conducted a study of patients and spouses to compare their levels of depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and to identify factors that contribute to depression and HRQOL in patient-spouse pairs. Methods: Forty-eight couples, in which all patients were men with heart failure, were recruited from a university-affiliated, outpatient heart failure clinic. Data were collected using the Beck Depression Inventory, the 12-item Short Form (that measures physical and mental components of QOL), and the 6-minute walk test. Results: Patients with heart failure were significantly more depressed and had poorer physical quality of life compared with spouses. Patients' depression was correlated with their own functional status and mental quality of life, with the combination of 6-minute walk distance and mental QOL contributing 51% of the variance in patient depression. Spouse depression and HRQOL did not significantly influence patient depression. In contrast, spouses' depression was related to their husbands' functional status and employment, as well as their own mental QOL. The mental component of spouse QOL and the age of the patient accounted for 33% of the adjusted variance in spousal depression. Conclusions: Patients with heart failure and their spouses experience significantly different levels of depression and physical QOL. In developing interventions, it may be important to take these differences into account and focus on their unique needs as well as those issues that affect the couple together. Interventions that improve patient functional status may result in decreased depression and improved HRQOL on the part of both patients and spouses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 22, no 4, 460-467 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46677DOI: 10.1016/S1053-2498(02)00818-5OAI: diva2:267573
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2012-01-07

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Department of Medicine and CareFaculty of Health Sciences
In the same journal
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 23 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link