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The therapist variable: Is it still an unknown factor? [Die Therapeutenvariable
Klinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Klinikum Harlaching, Stadt. Klinikum München GmbH, München, Klinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Klinikum Harlaching, Städt. Klinikum München GmbH, Sanatoriumsplatz 2, 81545 München.
Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technische Universität, München.
Kächele, H., Universitätsklinik Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Universität Ulm, Ulm.
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
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2008 (English)In: Psychotherapeut (Berlin), ISSN 0935-6185, Vol. 53, no 2, 83-91 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic attitude as a self-contained dimension of the therapeutic process. The psychotherapists' beliefs and attitudes in therapeutic matters are measured according to the Therapeutic Attitude Scales (TASC) of the Therapeutic Attitude Questionnaire (ThAt) and were applied to investigate the therapist variable. The investigation concentrated on the therapist's belief in the curative value of a number of ingredients of psychotherapy, on the therapist's individual style of conducting psychotherapy and on basic assumptions about the nature of psychotherapy and the nature of the human mind. A total of 451 psychotherapists (81 psychodynamic psychotherapists, 208 psychoanalytic psychotherapists and 162 behaviour therapists) were investigated. There were highly significant differences between the three groups of therapists, a finding which is in line with the basic theory. Adaptation and insight of the assumed curative factors as well as supportiveness and neutrality of the technique factors, differentiate the groups highly significantly. The multivariate analysis underlines the importance of adaptation and insight to differentiate between all groups. The results by and large confirm the general assumptions held on the differences between the groups. Thus the ThAt appears to be a valid instrument to grasp more subtle features of the therapist variable that may influence the outcome of psychotherapy. © 2008 Springer Medizin Verlag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 53, no 2, 83-91 p.
Keyword [en]
Behavioural therapists, Psychoanalytic psychotherapists, Psychodynamic psychotherapists, Therapeutic attitude, Therapist variable
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46733DOI: 10.1007/s00278-008-0598-6OAI: diva2:267629
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-10

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Sandell, Rolf
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Faculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Behavioural Sciences
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