Dramatic stabilization of the native state of human carbonic anhydrase II by an engineered disulfide bond
2002 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 41, no 52, 15867-15875 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To find a disulfide pair that could stabilize the enzyme human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II), we grafted the disulfide bridge from the related and unusually stable carbonic anhydrase form from Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NGCA) into the human enzyme. Thus, the two Cys residues at positions 23 and 203 were engineered into a pseudo-wild-type form of HCA II (C206S), giving the mutant C206S/A23C/L203C. The disulfide bond was not formed spontaneously. The native state of the reduced form of the mutant was markedly destabilized (2.9 kcal/mol) compared to that of HCA II. Formation of a disulfide bridge was achieved by treatment by oxidized glutathione. This led to a significant stabilization of the native conformation. Compared to HCA II the unfolding midpoint for the variant was increased from 0.9 to 1.7 M guanidine HCl, corresponding to a stabilization of 3.7 kcal/mol. This makes the human enzyme almost as stable as the model protein NGCA, for which the unfolding of the native state has a midpoint at 2.1 M guanidine HCl. The stabilized protein underwent, contrary to all other investigated variants of HCA II, an apparent two-state unfolding transition, as judged from intrinsic Trp fluorescence measurements. A molten−globule intermediate is nevertheless formed but is suppressed because of the high denaturant pressure it faces upon rupture of the native state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 52, 15867-15875 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46774DOI: 10.1021/bi020433+OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46774DiVA: diva2:267670