Early diagenesis and isotopic composition of lead in Lake Laisan, northern Sweden
2002 (English)In: Chemical Geology, ISSN 0009-2541, Vol. 189, no 3-4, 183-197 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Water column (dissolved/suspended phase, sediment traps) and sediment data (pore-water, solid-phase sediment) were combined with stable Pb and 210Pb isotope data to trace the early diagenetic behaviour and geochemical cycling of Pb in Lake Laisan, a lake which has received large quantities of anthropogenic Pb since the early 1940s. Early diagenetic remobilisation of Pb is indicated by a subsurface pore-water Pb maximum (120 µg 1-1) in the oxic surface layer of the sediment, where the solid-phase Pb concentration is 3400-4600 µg g-1. The remobilisation of Pb appears to be caused by a pH-controlled desorption of Pb from solid-phase sediment, which is consistent with a model describing surface complexation of Pb(II) on hydrous goethite surfaces. The diffusive Pb flux from the subsurface pore-water maximum towards the sediment surface (36 µg cm-2 year -1) exceeds the depositional Pb flux (8.6 µg cm -2 year -1) by approximately a factor of four, indicating that Pb is highly mobile in the sediment. Stable Pb isotope data and a mass balance calculation suggest that Pb diffusing upwards is, to a large extent, trapped in the surface sediment. Lead that may diffuse into the slightly alkaline lake water appears to be efficiently sorbed to suspended particulate matter, resulting in low dissolved Pb concentrations in the water column (0.040-0.046 µg 1-1). Sorption of Pb to suspended particulate matter is consistent with the elevated suspended particulate Pb concentrations in the hypolimnion (3800-4000 µg g-1), and the fact that the stable Pb isotopic compositions of suspended matter and pore-water are similar. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 189, no 3-4, 183-197 p.
Early diagenesis, Laisvall, Lake Laisan, Lead isotopes, Pore-water
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46901DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2541(02)00131-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46901DiVA: diva2:267797