Widowhood-related mortality in Scania, Sweden during the 19th century
2002 (English)In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, Vol. 7, no 3, 451-478 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
In this article, mortality risks are empirically examined in connection with spousal bereavement in four parishes in Scania, southern Sweden, during the 19th century using duration analysis. The data are longitudinal and the inhabitants have been followed literally from the cradle to the grave. To simultaneously catch transitory (shock) and persistent (long-term) effects of widowhood on mortality of the surviving spouse, the Cox semiparametric proportional hazards model has been applied with time spent in widowhood as a time-dependent multiple factor. Widowers in general were found to face higher relative mortality risks than widows and the effect of bereavement decreased through time. The estimated relative risks for males were dependent on socioeconomic status and widowers classified as landless faced high relative risks. Quantitatively, the magnitude of our estimates was large in comparison with similar studies made on contemporary data. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 7, no 3, 451-478 p.
Expectations, Gender, Stress, Widowhood
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-46904DOI: 10.1016/S1081-602X(02)00113-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-46904DiVA: diva2:267800