α-lipoic acid and α-lipoamide prevent oxidant-induced lysosomal rupture and apoptosis
2001 (English)In: Redox report, ISSN 1351-0002, Vol. 6, no 5, 327-334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
α-Lipoic acid (LA) and its corresponding derivative, α-lipoamide (LM), have been described as antioxidants, but the mechanisms of their putative antioxidant effects remain largely uncharacterised. The vicinal thiols present in the reduced forms of these compounds suggest that they might possess metal chelating properties. We have shown previously that cell death caused by oxidants may be initiated by lysosomal rupture and that this latter event may involve intralysosomal iron which catalyzes Fenton-type chemistry and resultant peroxidative damage to lysosomal membranes. Here, using cultured J774 cells as a model, we show that both LA and LM stabilize lysosomes against oxidative stress, probably by chelating intralysosomal iron and, consequently, preventing intralysosomal Fenton reactions. In preventing oxidant-mediated apoptosis, LM is significantly more effective than LA, as would be expected from their differing capacities to enter cells and concentrate within the acidic lysosomal compartment. As previously reported, the powerful iron-chelator, desferrioxamine (Des) (which also locates within the lysosomal compartment), also provides protection against oxidant-mediated cell death. Interestingly, although Des enhances the partial protection afforded by LA, it confers no additional protection when added with LM. Therefore, the antioxidant actions of LA and LM may arise from intralysosomal iron chelation, with LM being more effective in this regard.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 6, no 5, 327-334 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47165DOI: 10.1179/135100001101536472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47165DiVA: diva2:268061