liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Fatal poisoning in drug addicts in the Nordic countries
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V's Vej 11, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Show others and affiliations
2001 (English)In: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, Vol. 123, no 1, 63-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study includes medicolegally examined fatal poisonings among drug addicts in 1997 in the five Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and the results are compared to a similar investigation from 1991. A common definition of "drug addict" was applied by the participating countries. The highest death rate by poisoning in drug addicts was observed in Denmark, where it was 6.54 per 105 inhabitants, followed by Norway with 6.35, Sweden with 2.21, Finland with 1.63 and Iceland with 1.20 per 105 inhabitants. All countries showed a higher death rate in 1997 than in 1991. For all countries the distribution of deaths according to geographical regions showed a decreasing number of drug deaths in the metropolitan area and an increasing number in other cities. Heroin/morphine dominated as the cause of death and was responsible for about 90% of the cases in Norway. In Sweden and Denmark, however, heroin/morphine caused only about 70% of the fatal poisonings. About 30% of the fatal poisonings in Denmark and Sweden were caused by other group I drugs, in Denmark mainly methadone and in Sweden mainly propoxyphene. Apart from two cases in Sweden methadone deaths were not seen in the other Nordic countries. In Finland heroin/morphine deaths have increased from about 10% in 1991 to about 40% in 1997. Forty-four percent of the fatal poisonings in Finland were caused by other group I drugs, mainly codeine and propoxyphene. The two fatal poisonings in Iceland were caused by carbon monoxide. Only few deaths in this investigation were caused by amphetamine and cocaine. A widespread use of alcohol, cannabis and benzodiazepines, especially diazepam, was seen in all the countries. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 123, no 1, 63-69 p.
Keyword [en]
Drug addict deaths, Fatal poisonings, General screening, Geographical distribution, Nordic countries
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47226DOI: 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00524-2OAI: diva2:268122
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
In the same journal
Forensic Science International
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 23 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link