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Cardiac rehabilitation efforts for patients with ischaemic heart disease: a 5-year comparative review in five counties in western Sweden
School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2001 (English)In: Coronary Health Care, ISSN 1362-3265, E-ISSN 1532-2025, Vol. 5, no 1, 16-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Today’s cardiac rehabilitation programmes are multiphase and interdisciplinary. The aim of the study was to compare different cardiac rehabilitation approaches available to patients with ischaemic heart disease and their next-of-kin during a 5-year period in five counties in western Sweden. Questionnaires were answered on two occasions, in 1993 and 1998, dealing with the cardiac rehabilitation organization, the target groups invited, rehabilitation efforts, and the health-care professionals involved in the cardiac rehabilitation. The results show that patients with myocardial infarction and their next-of-kin were offered a well-functioning cardiac rehabilitation, both in 1993 and in 1998, at the university, county and district county hospitals. For patients who had undergone bypass surgery and their next-of-kin, cardiac rehabilitation was only available to a lesser extent. Patients with angina pectoris and their next-of-kin had the least possibility of receiving cardiac rehabilitation during the 5-year period. No cardiac rehabilitation programmes were specially designed for women, and an age limit existed in some cases. The most developed cardiac rehabilitation effort was the stress management education. The health-care professionals most frequently included in the cardiac rehabilitation teams at the university and district county hospitals were dieticians, cardiologists, physiotherapists and nurses, both in 1993 and in 1998. The corresponding health-care professionals at the county hospitals were cardiologists, social workers, clergymen, physiotherapists and nurses. A research implication can be to identify who the next-of-kin are, what their experiences are of participating in a cardiac rehabilitation programme and how important they are to these patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 5, no 1, 16-24 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47228DOI: 10.1054/chec.2000.0106OAI: diva2:268124
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2013-09-10
In thesis
1. Cardiac rehabilitation in hospital and at home: a long-term study from the perspective of women who have suffered their first myocardial infarction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cardiac rehabilitation in hospital and at home: a long-term study from the perspective of women who have suffered their first myocardial infarction
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this licentiate thesis was to describe and compare, from a longitudinal perspective, the extent of cardiac rehabilitation efforts as well as changes in social support and social network in women who have suffered their first myocardial infarction (MI). The studies had a descriptive, comparative and longitudinal design. Data were collected from healthcare professionals at 18 acute hospitals, who on two occasions answered a questionnaire dealing with cardiac rehabilitation efforts. From these 18 hospitals, 240 women who had suffered a first MI were consecutively chosen to answer a questionnaire on three occasions on the subject of social support and social network. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data over time. The result showed that patients with different ischaemic heart disease diagnoses and their next-of-kin were offered different cardiac rehabilitation programmes (CRPs). None of the hospitals offered a CRP that was specifically designed for women. The women experienced that the extent of general support, support from relatives, and professional support changed positively over time. The women who participated in a CRP reported less need for professional support over time compared to non participants. This licentiate thesis provides knowledge about social support and social network that can be used to develop CROPs based on the special needs of women with MI and their relatives.

52 p.
Linköping Studies in Health Sciences. Thesis, ISSN 1100-6013 ; 68
, Omvårdnadsforskning vid Hälsouniversitetet i Linköping, 14
cardiac rehabilitation programme, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, social network, social support, women
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-24167 (URN)3753 (Local ID)91-7373-845-X (ISBN)3753 (Archive number)3753 (OAI)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-09-10

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Wieslander, Inger
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