Early cognitive and behavioral predictors of later performance: A follow-up study of ELBW children from ages 2 to 4
2001 (English)In: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, ISSN 0885-2006, Vol. 16, no 3, 343-361 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to examine whether behavioral style and cognitive performance predict cognitive development in ELBW children. The children were assessed at age 2 (40 girls, 41 boys) with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. At age 4 they were assessed with the WPPSI-R, and with the word fluency, visual attention and recognition of incomplete figures subsets of the Finnish Neuropsychological Investigation for Children (NEPSY-R, Korkman et al. 1997). The results indicated that there was stability in cognitive performance from 2 to 4 years of age. Along with cognitive performance, behavioral style, especially orientation-engagement at age 2, was an important predictor of subsequent cognitive performance (WPPSI-R). Significant gender differences were also found. For boys, orientation-engagement factor at time one was the best predictor of subsequent nonverbal cognitive performance, arithmetical abilities and word fluency at time two. In contrast, girls' cognitive performance measured at the 2-year assessment was the most powerful predictor of nonverbal performance and word fluency at 4 years. As a whole, it seems that behavioral factors merit more consideration in understanding cognitive development than has been thought before. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 16, no 3, 343-361 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47278DOI: 10.1016/S0885-2006(01)00107-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47278DiVA: diva2:268174