Identification of a Missense Mutation (G329A; Arg110→ Gln) in the Human FUT7 Gene
2001 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 276, no 34, 31575-31582 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The human FUT7 gene codes for the α1,3-fucosyltransferase VII (Fuc-TVII), which is involved in the biosynthesis of the sialyl Lewis x (SLex) epitope on human leukocytes. The FUT7 gene has so far been considered to be monomorphic. Neutrophils isolated from patients with ulcerative colitis were examined for apparent alterations in protein glycosylation patterns by Western blot analysis using monoclonal antibodies directed against SLex and SLex-related epitopes. One individual showed lower levels of SLex expression and an elevated expression of CD65s compared to controls. The coding regions of the FUT7 gene from this individual were cloned, and a G329A point mutation (Arg110 → Gln) was found in one allele, whereas the other FUT7 allele was wild type. No Fuc-TVII enzyme activity was detected in COS-7 cells transiently transfected with the mutated FUT7 construct. TheFUT7 Arg110 is conserved in all previously cloned vertebrate α1,3-fucosyltransferases. Polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction enzyme cleavage was used to screen 364 unselected Caucasians for the G329A mutation, and a frequency of ≤1% for this mutation was found (3 heterozygotes). Genetic characterization of the family members of one of the additional heterozygotes identified one individual carrying the G329A mutation in both FUT7alleles. Peripheral blood neutrophils of this homozygously mutated individual showed a lowered expression of SLex and an elevated expression of CD65s when analyzed by Western blot and flow cytometry. The homozygous individual was diagnosed with ulcer disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, osteoporosis, spondyloarthrosis, and Sjögren's syndrome but had no history of recurrent bacterial infections or leukocytosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 276, no 34, 31575-31582 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47286DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M104165200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47286DiVA: diva2:268182