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Fate of plasticised PVC products under landfill conditions: A laboratory-scale landfill simulation reactor study
TuTech Integrated Management, TUHH Technologie GmbH, Schellerdamm 4, D-21079 Hamburg, Germany.
Institute of Polymer Testing and Polymer Science, University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 32, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany.
2001 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, Vol. 35, no 13, 3063-3070 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The long-term behaviour of plasticised PVC products was investigated in laboratory-scale landfill simulation reactors. The examined products included a cable material and a flooring with different combinations of plasticisers. The objective of the study was to assess whether a degradation of the PVC polymer or a loss of plasticisers occurred under landfill conditions. A degradation of the polymer matrix was not observed. The contents of plasticisers in aged samples was determined and compared to the respective original products. The behaviour of the various plasticisers was found to differ significantly. Losses of DEHP and BBP from the flooring were too low for analytical quantification. No loss of DIDP from the cable was detectable, whereas DINA in the same product showed considerable losses of up to 70% compared to the original contents. These deficits were attributable to biodegradation rather than leaching. There was no equivalent release of plasticisers into the leachate. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 35, no 13, 3063-3070 p.
Keyword [en]
Landfill, Leachate, Lysimeter, Plasticisers, PVC
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47306DOI: 10.1016/S0043-1354(01)00027-6OAI: diva2:268202
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-13

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