How the immune and nervous systems interact during disease-associated anorexia
2001 (English)In: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), ISSN 0899-9007, Vol. 17, no 7-8, 664-668 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Anorexia is one of the most common symptoms associated with illness and constitutes an adaptive strategy in fighting acute infectious diseases. However, prolonged reduction in food intake and an increase in metabolic rate, as seen in the anorexia-cachexia syndrome, lead to depletion of body fat and protein reserves, thus worsening the organism's condition. Because the central nervous system controls many aspects of food intake, soluble factors known as cytokines that are secreted by immune cells might act on the brain to induce anorexia during disease. This review focuses on the communication pathways from the immune system to the brain that might mediate anorexia during disease. The vagus nerve is a rapid route of communication from the immune system to the brain, as subdiaphragmatic vagotomy attenuates the decrease in food-motivated behavior and c-Fos expression in the central nervous system in response to peripheral administration of the proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1ß, or bacterial lipopolysaccharide. At later time points after peripheral lipopolysaccharide administration, interleukin-1 itself acts in the brain to mediate anorexia and is found in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. The mechanisms by which interleukin-1ß gains access to the brain and the potential role of neuropeptide-Y-containing neurons in the arcuate hypothalamus in mediating anorexia during disease are discussed. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 17, no 7-8, 664-668 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47309DOI: 10.1016/S0899-9007(01)00602-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47309DiVA: diva2:268205