Increase of serum C-reactive protein is an early indicator of subsequent symptomatic anastomotic leakage after anterior resection
2008 (English)In: Colorectal Disease, ISSN 1462-8910, Vol. 10, no 1, 75-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: This prospective study investigated the factors which might indicate anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection.
Method: Thirty-three patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal carcinoma (n = 32) and severe dysplasia (n = 1), were monitored daily by serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell count (WBC) estimations until discharge from hospital. Computed tomography (CT) scans were performed on postoperative days 2 and 7 and the amount of presacral fluid collection was assessed. All patients had a pelvic drain and the volume of drainage was measured daily.
Results: The level of the anastomosis was at a median 5 cm (3-12 cm) above the anal verge. There was no 30-day mortality. Nine (27.2%) of the 33 patients developed a symptomatic anastomotic leakage which was diagnosed at a median of 8 days (range 4-14) postoperatively. The serum CRP was increased in patients who leaked from postoperative day 2 onwards (P = 0.004 on day 2, P < 0.001 on day 3-8). The WBC was decreased in preoperatively irradiated patients on days 1-5 (P = 0.021), with no difference seen between patients with or without leakage. Patients with leakage had a larger presacral fluid collection on CT on day 7 (median 76 ml vs 52 ml, P = 0.016) and a larger increase in the fluid collection between the first and the second CT examinations (28 ml vs 3 ml, P = 0.046).
Conclusion: An early rise in serum CRP was a strong indicator of leakage. Monitoring of CRP for possible early detection of symptomatic anastomotic leakage is recommended.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 10, no 1, 75-80 p.
Anastomotic leakage, C-reactive protein, CT-scan, Pelvic fluid collection, Rectal cancer, White blood cell count
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47310DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01300.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47310DiVA: diva2:268206
On the day of the defence day the title of this article was: "Assessment of pelvic fluid collection and C-reactive protein after anterior resection of the rectum for cancer".2009-10-112009-10-112009-12-03Bibliographically approved