Absence of back disorders in adults and work-related predictive factors in a 5-year perspective
2001 (English)In: European spine journal, ISSN 0940-6719, E-ISSN 1432-0932, Vol. 10, no 3, 215-220 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Factors important for avoiding back disorders in different age-groups have seldom been compared and studied over time. We therefore set out to study age-related differences in socio-economic and work-related factors associated with the absence of back disorders in a 5-year comparative cohort study using a mailed questionnaire. Two subgroups (aged 25-34 and 54-59 years) derived from a representative sample of the Swedish population were followed at baseline, 1 year and 5 years. Questions were asked about the duration of back pain episodes, relapses, work changes and work satisfaction. A work adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, resolve (APGAR) score was included in the final questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors predicting the absence of back disorders. Absence of physically heavy work predicted an absence of back disorders [odds ratio (OR), 2.86, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3-6.3] in the older group. In the younger age-group, the absence of stressful work predicted absence of back disorders (OR, 2.0, 95% CI, 1.1-3.6). Thirty-seven per cent of the younger age-group and 43% of the older age-group did not experience any back pain episodes during the study period. The exploratory work APGAR scores indicated that back disorders were only associated with lower work satisfaction in the older group. The analyses point out the importance of avoiding perceived psychological stress in the young and avoiding perceived physically heavy work in the older age-group for avoiding back disorders. The results suggest a need for different programmes at workplaces to avoid back disorders depending on the age of the employees concerned.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 10, no 3, 215-220 p.
Absence of back disorders, Longitudinal study, Predictive factors
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47314DOI: 10.1007/s005860100253OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47314DiVA: diva2:268210