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Readiness to change sun-protective behaviour
Kristjánsson, S., Department of Cancer Prevention, Stockholm Center of Public Health, Karolinska Hospital, S-171 76 Stockholm, Sweden.
Helgason, ÁR., Department of Tobacco Prevention, Stockholm Center of Public Health, Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology . Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Dermatology and Venerology in Östergötland.
Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2001 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, ISSN 0959-8278, Vol. 10, no 3, 289-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The incidence of malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers has increased rapidly in Sweden during the last 20 years. The best-known way to revert this trend is primary prevention. Matching health messages to readiness to change in the population may enhance the effect of community-based prevention. The aims of this study were to investigate readiness to change sun-protective behaviour in two groups (visitors to mobile screening units and beach-goers) and to test a single-item algorithm in assessing the stage of change in sun-protective behaviour. Seven hundred and forty-two visitors to the mobile screening units and 202 individuals on nearby beaches answered a short questionnaire. The assessment of readiness to change was based on stages of change in sun-protective behaviour modified from the Transtheoretical Model of Behaviour Change. As expected, the visitors to the screening units were more often in action/maintenance stages than the beach group for most sun-protective behaviours. In conclusion, the single-item algorithm method appears to be sensitive to assess readiness to change sun-protective behaviour, based on the Transtheoretical Model of Behaviour Change. This method can be incorporated into population surveys and may aid in developing successful skin cancer prevention programmes. © 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 10, no 3, 289-296 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitude, Melanoma, Skin cancer, Skin type, Stages of change, Sun exposure, Sunbathing, Transtheoretical model.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47345DOI: 10.1097/00008469-200106000-00014OAI: diva2:268241
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-13

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Rosdahl, Inger
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Faculty of Health SciencesDermatology and Venerology Department of Dermatology and Venerology in Östergötland
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European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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