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Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in the prevention of postoperative infectious complications and sub-optimal recovery from operation in patients with colorectal cancer and increased preoperative risk (ASA 3 and 4). Protocol for a controlled clinical trial developed by consensus of an international study group: Part two
Institute of Theoretical Surgery, Philipps-University Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35033 Marburg, Germany.
Institute of Theoretical Surgery, Philipps-University Marburg, Baldingerstrasse, 35033 Marburg, Germany.
Department of General Surgery, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany.
Department of General Surgery, Philipps-University Marburg, Germany.
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2001 (English)In: Inflammation Research, ISSN 1023-3830, E-ISSN 1420-908X, Vol. 50, no 4, 187-205 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

General design: Presentation of a new type of a study protocol for evaluation of the effectiveness of an immune modifier (rhG-CSF, filgrastim): prevention of postoperative infectious complications and of sub-optimal recovery from operation in patients with colorectal cancer and increased preoperative risk (ASA 3 and 4) This part describes the design of the randomised, placebo controlled, double-blinded, single-centre study performed at an university hospital (n = 40 patients for each group). Objective: The trial design includes the following elements for a prototype protocol: - The study population is restricted to patients with colorectal cancer, including a left sided resection and an increased perioperative risk (ASA 3 and 4). - Patients are allocated by random to the control or treatment group. - The double blinding strategy of the trial is assessed by psychometric indices - An endpoint construct with quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30) and a recovery index (modified Mc Peek index) are used as primary endpoints Qualitative analysis of clinical relevance of the endpoints is performed by both patients and doctors. - Statistical analysis uses an area under the curve (AUC) model for improvement of quality of life on leaving hospital and two and six months after operation. A confirmatory statistical model with quality of life as the first primary endpoint in the hierarchic test procedure is used. Expectations of patients and surgeons and the negative affect are analysed by social psychological scales. Conclusion: This study design differs from other trials on preoperative prophylaxis and postoperative recovery, and has been developed to try a new concept and avoid previous failures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 50, no 4, 187-205 p.
Keyword [en]
Filgrastim, McPeek recovery index, Prophylaxis, Quality of life, Study design, True endpoint
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47386DOI: 10.1007/s000110050744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47386DiVA: diva2:268282
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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Nyström, Per-Olof

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Faculty of Health SciencesSurgery Department of Surgery in Östergötland
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