liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Cholesterol Depletion Disrupts Caveolae and Insulin Receptor Signaling for Metabolic Control via Insulin Receptor Substrate-1, but Not for Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Control
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2001 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 276, no 13, 9670-9678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Insulin exerts its cellular control through receptor binding in caveolae in plasmalemma of target cells (Gustavsson, J., Parpal, S., Karlsson, M., Ramsing, C., Thorn, H., Borg, M., Lindroth, M., Peterson, K. H., Magnusson, K.-E., and Strålfors, P. (1999) FASEB. J. 13, 1961–1971). We now report that a progressive cholesterol depletion of 3T3-L1 adipocytes with β-cyclodextrin gradually destroyed caveolae structures and concomitantly attenuated insulin stimulation of glucose transport, in effect making cells insulin-resistant. Insulin access to or affinity for the insulin receptor on rat adipocytes was not affected as determined by 125I-insulin binding. By immunoblotting of plasma membranes, total amount of insulin receptor and of caveolin remained unchanged. Receptor autophosphorylation in response to insulin was not affected by cholesterol depletion. Insulin treatment of isolated caveolae preparations increased autophosphorylation of receptor before and following cholesterol depletion. Insulin-increased tyrosine phosphorylation of an immediate downstream signal transducer, insulin receptor substrate-1, and activation of the further downstream protein kinase B were inhibited. In contrast, insulin signaling to mitogenic control as determined by control of the extracellular signal-related kinases 1/2, mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway was not affected. Insulin did not control Shc phosphorylation, and Shc did not control extracellular signal-related kinases 1/2, whereas cholesterol depletion constitutively phosphorylated Shc. In conclusion, caveolae are critical for propagating the insulin receptor signal to downstream targets and have the potential for sorting signal transduction for metabolic and mitogenic effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 276, no 13, 9670-9678 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47429DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M007454200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47429DiVA: diva2:268325
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Mechanisms of insulin signaling and the role of caveolae
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanisms of insulin signaling and the role of caveolae
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Insulin regulates metabolic as well as mitogenic processes in target cells, involving a large number of mediators of signal transduction. In its role as a growth factor, insulin stimulates cell growth, in a process we demonstrate requires the participation of the Raf-1 kinase.

Caveolae are invaginations of the plasma membrane, involved in signal transduction and intracellular transport of cholesterol. Caveolae are enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids and the constituent protein caveolin. Herein we report that the insulin receptor is located in caveolae of plasma membrane from adipocytes. By confocal and electron microscopy we show co-localization of caveolin and the insulin receptor. Additionally, the insulin receptor independently of insulin stimulation is enriched in caveolae isolated by cell fractionation.

Cholesterol depletion has been shown to flatten caveolae and affect processes which occur in these domains. We show that depletion of cholesterol in adipocytes destroys caveolae and inhibits insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1 ), without affecting insulin receptor ligand binding or its autophosphorylation. Cholesterol-depleted adipocytes showed a decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and phosphorylation of A TP citrate-lyase. Cholesterol depletion did not affect insulin's effect on the MAPK kinases ERK 1/2. She, which has been described to mediate an alternative pathway to that mediated by IRS-1 for insulin mitogenic regulation, was not involved in the regulation of the MAP kinases by insulin in adipocytes. We conclude that some other mediators which are not dependent on caveolae integrity must exist for regulation of this pathway.

The effects of cholesterol depletion on caveolae and insulin signaling prompted us to study caveolae in models of insulin resistance. We show that adipocytes from the obese and insulin resistant Zucker fa/fa rats have reduced amounts of cholesterol in caveolae compared with their lean littermates. Adipocytes of Zucker fa/fa rats have been shown to express high levels of TNF-α. We demonstrate that TNF-α treatment lowers the amount of cholesterol in caveolae in adipocytes from normal rats.

The results presented in this thesis demonstrate that insulin signaling originates in caveolae invaginations of the plasma membrane where the insulin receptor is located. Caveolae are required for certain metabolic effects of insulin but not for activation of the MAP kinase pathway, a scenario similar to what is found in cases of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Moreover, alteration of the amount of cholesterol or caveolae leads to insulin resistance, suggesting that caveolae play a central role in insulin resistance and diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2001. 45 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 684
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25698 (URN)10074 (Local ID)91-7219-974-1 (ISBN)10074 (Archive number)10074 (OAI)
Public defence
2001-06-08, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-09-10Bibliographically approved
2. Caveolae in insulin signalling in human and rat adipocytes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caveolae in insulin signalling in human and rat adipocytes
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The pancreatic hormone insulin is a key hormone in maintenance of metabolic homeostasis but it also exerts control on gene expression and cell growth. This thesis presents results on fhe role of caveolae in insulin signalling in human and rat adipocytes. Caveolae are invaginations of the plasma membrane, characterised by the structural protein caveolin. Caveolae and caveolin have been implicated in a variety of functions, like uptake of molecular cargo into the cell, cholesterol transport and signal transduction. After isolation of caveolae and using electron microscopy on cell membranes, the insulin receptor was demonstrated to be localised in caveolae of human adipocytes. We also used biochemical and morphological methods to show that the glucose transporter GLUT4 was translocated to caveolae in response to insulin in rat adipocytes, indicating fhat the caveola is the locale for glucose uptake in adipocytes.

Adipocytes fhat were depleted of cholesterol using ß-cyclodextrin lacked caveolae invaginations. In cells fhus depleted of cholesterol and caveolae, fhe insulin receptor itself was not affected, but insulin signalling to metabolic control was inhibited. In rat adipocytes, insulin signalling to mitogenic control was not affected. In human fat cells, however, insulin's mitogenic signalling was dependent on caveolae/cholesterol. In contrast to other cells studied, including rat adipocytes, where the insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1) is mainly cytosolic, in human adipocytes IRS-1 was found in the plasma membrane and in caveolae. These results show the importance of choosing the relevant system to work with, since there are clear species differences.

We performed an analysis of the lipid composition of purified caveolae from rat adipocytes. As expected, cholesterol constitutes a major part of caveolae, but there is also an enrichment of sphingomyelin and the gangliosides GM1, GM3, GD3 and GD1a, while there is less protein, compared to the surrounding plasma membrane.

Taken together, caveolae appear as hnbs for insulin signalling. Caveolae seem necessary for fhe maintenance of metabolic signalling, like glucose uptake, and defects in caveolae may thus be the cause of insulin resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2003. 54 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 782
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-25673 (URN)10049 (Local ID)91-7373-539-6 (ISBN)10049 (Archive number)10049 (OAI)
Public defence
2003-04-11, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2012-10-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Karlsson, MargaretaThorn, HansStrålfors, Peter

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Karlsson, MargaretaThorn, HansStrålfors, Peter
By organisation
Cell biologyFaculty of Health SciencesCell Biology
In the same journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 163 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf