Energy metabolism during human pregnancy
2007 (English)In: Annual review of nutrition (Print), ISSN 0199-9885, Vol. 27, 277-292 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
This review summarizes information regarding how human energy metabolism is affected by pregnancy, and current estimates of energy requirements during pregnancy are presented. Such estimates can be calculated using either increases in basal metabolic rate (BMR) or increases in total energy expenditure (TEE). The two modes of calculation give similar results for a complete pregnancy but different distributions of energy requirements in the three trimesters. Recent information is presented regarding the effect of pregnancy on BMR, TEE, diet-induced thermogenesis, and physical activity. The validity of energy intake (EI) data recendy assessed in well-nourished pregnant women was evaluated using information regarding energy metabolism during pregnancy. The results show that underreporting of EI is common during pregnancy and indicate that additional longitudinal studies, taking the total energy budget during pregnancy into account, are needed to satisfactorily define energy requirements during the three trimesters of gestation. Copyright © 2007 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 27, 277-292 p.
Basal metabolic rate, Energy intake, Energy requirements, Gestation, Physical activity
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47588DOI: 10.1146/annurev.nutr.27.061406.093543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47588DiVA: diva2:268484