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Natural background levels of trifluoroacetate in rain and snow
Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Analytical Chemistry .
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2000 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 34, no 15, 3115-3118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been shown that some of the fluorinated ethane derivatives being introduced as CFC-replacements can be transformed to TFA (trifluoroacetate) in the atmosphere. Moreover, TFA is extremely stable in the environment, and this has raised questions regarding how widespread TFA is in the environment. We found that TFA is ubiquitous in precipitation: samples of rain from Ireland and Poland and snow from Canada, Sweden, New Zealand, and East Antarctica contained 1-1100 ng/L, and, studying a firn core drilled in Antarctica, concentrations of 3-56 ng/L were measured in layers formed during the 19th century. We have confirmed the preindustrial presence of significant background concentrations of trifluoroacetate in historic precipitation samples from the analysis of firn. Extensive procedures were enforced to prevent sample contamination.It has been shown that some of the fluorinated ethane derivatives being introduced as CFC-replacements can be transformed to TFA (trifluoroacetate) in the atmosphere. Moreover, TFA is extremely stable in the environment, and this has raised questions regarding how widespread TFA is in the environment. We found that TFA is ubiquitous in precipitation: samples of rain from Ireland and Poland and snow from Canada, Sweden, New Zealand, and East Antarctica contained 1-1100 ng/L, and, studying a firn core drilled in Antarctica, concentrations of 3-56 ng/L were measured in layers formed during the 19th century. We have confirmed the preindustrial presence of significant background concentrations of trifluoroacetate in historic precipitation samples from the analysis of firn. Extensive procedures were enforced to prevent sample contamination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 34, no 15, 3115-3118 p.
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Engineering and Technology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47613DOI: 10.1021/es9913683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47613DiVA: diva2:268509
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13

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Borén, Hans

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