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Computer-supported visualization of rescue operations
Visuell Systemteknik i Linköping AB, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish Armed Forces, Naval Centre, Sweden.
Division of Command and Control Warfare Technology, Defence Research Establishment, Linköping, Sweden.
2000 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, Vol. 35, no 1-3, 3-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Effective emergency management and response require a thorough understanding of the processes involved in a rescue operation and their interaction. Appropriate methods and tools for computer visualization of rescue operations can greatly facilitate activities such as command and control, system analysis, training, evaluation, and transfer of lessons learned. To this end, we introduce a method for systematic analysis, modeling and visualization of a rescue scenario. Models of rescue scenarios, prepared in advance, serve as the basis for data collection during an operation. The data collected are visualized in a computer tool with several views that can be customized according to the needs of different users. We demonstrate the method by applying it to a rescue operation where a taskforce trains for emergency response to a chemical incident.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 35, no 1-3, 3-27 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47641DOI: 10.1016/S0925-7535(00)00019-9OAI: diva2:268537
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2013-01-03
In thesis
1. Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multimedia representations of distributed tactical operations
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Our society frequently faces minor and major crises that require rapid intervention by well-prepared forces from military organizations and public-safety agencies. Feedback on the performance in operations is crucial to maintain and improve the quality of these forces. This thesis presents methods and tools for reconstruction and exploration of tactical operations. Specifically, it investigates how multimedia representations of tactical operations can be constructed and used to help participants, managers, and analysts uncover the interaction between distributed teams and grasp the ramifications of decisions and actions in a dynamically evolving situation. The thesis is the result of several field studies together with practitioners from the Swedish Armed Forces and from the public-safety sector in Sweden and the United States. In those studies, models of realistic exercises were constructed from data collected from multiple sources in the field and explored by participants and analysts in subsequent after-action reviews and in-depth analyses. The results of the studies fall into three categories. First, we explain why multimedia representations are useful and demonstrate how they support retrospective analysis of tactical operations. Second, we describe and characterize a general methodology for constructing models of tactical operations that can be adapted to the specific needs and conditions in different domains. Third, we identify effective mechanisms and a set of reusable representations for presenting multimedia models of operations. An additional contribution is a domain-independent, customizable visualization framework for exploring multimedia representations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2002. 100 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 771
National Category
Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-35580 (URN)27765 (Local ID)91-7373-421-7 (ISBN)27765 (Archive number)27765 (OAI)
Public defence
2002-09-24, Seminarierum Planck, Fysikhuset, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-01-03

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Morin, Magnus
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