Vortex phase diagram of F=1 spinor Bose-Einstein condensates
2003 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, Vol. 90, no 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have calculated the F=1 ground state of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate trapped harmonic potential with an applied Ioffe-Pitchard magnetic field. The vortex phase diagram is found in the plane spanned by perpendicular and longitudinal magnetic fields. The ferromagnetic condensate has two vortex phases which differ by winding number in the spinor components. The two vortices for the F-z=-1 antiferromagnetic condensate are separated in space. Moreover, we considered an average local spin \[(S) over right arrow]\ to testify to what extent it is parallel to magnetic field (the nonadiabatic effects). We have shown that the effects are important at vortex cores.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 90, no 20
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47793DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.200401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47793DiVA: diva2:268689