Adsorption of human carbonic anhydrase II variants to silica nanoparticles occur stepwise: binding is followed by successive conformational changes to a molten-globule-like state
2000 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 16, no 22, 8470-8479 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The surface adsorption behavior of protein variants of the enzyme human carbonic anhydrase II (HCA II) to silica nanoparticles has been investigated. Various destabilized mutants were produced by site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids located in the interior of the protein. The silica particles induced a molten-globule-like state in all of the variants. All protein variants initially adsorbed to the particles, and then underwent conformational rearrangements in a stepwise manner, as indicated by the loss of activity and the subsequent loss of tertiary structure. Activity, CD, and ANS fluorescence measurements showed that a decrease in the global stability of the protein is strongly correlated to increased rates of conformational change following particle adsorption. In contrast to unfolding processes induced by chemical denaturants or heat, in the transition to the molten-globule-like state induced by the silica particles, the active site region unfolds before the majority of the tertiary interactions are broken.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 16, no 22, 8470-8479 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-47929DOI: 10.1021/la0002738OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-47929DiVA: diva2:268825