Splenic marginal zone dendritic cells mediate the cholera toxin adjuvant effect: Dependence on the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of the holotoxin
2005 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, Vol. 175, no 8, 5192-5202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The in vivo mechanisms of action of most vaccine adjuvants are poorly understood. In this study, we present data in mice that reveal a series of critical interactions between the cholera toxin (CT) adjuvant and the dendritic cells (DC) of the splenic marginal zone (MZ) that lead to effective priming of an immune response. For the first time, we have followed adjuvant targeting of MZ DC in vivo. We used CT-conjugated OVA and found that the Ag selectively accumulated in MZ DC following i.v. injections. The uptake of Ag into DC was GM1 ganglioside receptor dependent and mediated by the B subunit of CT (CTB). The targeted MZ DC were quite unique in their phenotype: CD11c(+), CD8 alpha(-), CD11b(-), B220(-), and expressing intermediate or low levels of MHC class II and DEC205. Whereas CTB only delivered the Ag to MZ DC, the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of CT was required for the maturation and migration of DC to the T cell zone, where these cells distinctly up-regulated CD86, but not CD80. This interaction appeared to instruct Ag-specific CD4(+) T cells to move into the B cell follicle and strongly support germinal center formations. These events may explain why CT-conjugated Ag is substantially more immunogenic than Ag admixed with soluble CT and why CTB-conjugated Ag can tolerize immune responses when given orally or at other mucosal sites.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 175, no 8, 5192-5202 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-48146OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-48146DiVA: diva2:269042