Predicting microbial growth in pulp using an electronic tongue
2003 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 18, no 2, 134-140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper describes how an electronic tongue based on pulsed voltammetry over noble metal electrodes can be used as an instrument to predict the amount of microorganisms in pulp during their growth cycle. The electronic tongue consists of a sensor body and a PC, which is used to control a potentiostat which applies the voltammetric large amplitude pulsed voltammetry (LAPV)-waveform across the sensor electrodes, and to collect the data of the resulting current. The sensor body is constructed of four noble metal electrodes, a stainless steel electrode as counterelectrode, and an Ag/AgCl reference electrode. This arrangement works as a standard three-electrode voltammetry system. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS) multivariate prediction methods are used to extract information from the data and to aid interpretation. It is shown that PLS-models of the voltammetric signals from this sensor array predicts the reference methods, viable count using Petrifilm(TM) aerobic total counts, with good accuracy (root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) 9% of maximum value or 20% in a lower region corresponding to 500-1000 colony forming units) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-measurements with lower accuracy (10% of maximum value or 55% in a lower region). Since the precision of this method of detection is on a level with the viable count method, this method can be considered superior where short response times or the possibility of on-line measurement are of value.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 18, no 2, 134-140 p.
pulp, microbiology, electronic tongue, voltammetry, multivariate data analysis
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-48600OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-48600DiVA: diva2:269496