Investigation of Electrode Materials as Sensors in a Voltammetric Electronic Tongue
2002 (English)In: Electroanalysis, ISSN 1040-0397, E-ISSN 1521-4109, Vol. 14, no 12, 839-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work different electrode materials were investigated as sensors in a voltammetric electronic tongue. Basically, the electronic tongue is based on the combination of nonspecific sensors (electrodes) and pattern recognition tools, for example principal component analysis (PCA). Copper. glassy carbon, nickel, palladium, silver, tin, titanium and zirconium together with more traditional electrode materials such as gold, iridium, and platinum were studied. Cyclic voitammetry was applied to study typical model reactions in solutions containing different electroactive compounds, like ascorbic acid, glucose, histidine and potassium hexacyanoferrate(II). Different sensitivity and selectivity were obtained with the electrodes. Large responses were for example found for the amino acid and the carbohydrate using the copper, nickel and silver electrode. Some of the electrodes were employed in multicomponent solutions, i.e., liquid washing detergents from different suppliers together with differential pulse voltammetry. Responses from the electrodes in combination with PCA showed that they separated the detergents to different extents. This was further used when information from the sensors was merged together for successful discrimination of the detergents. It was found that two detergents close to each other in the score plot were from the same supplier. Furthermore. scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to monitor surface changes at the nonnoble electrodes (copper, nickel, and silver).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, 2002. Vol. 14, no 12, 839-847 p.
copper electrodes, gold electrodes, glassy carbon electrodes, iridium electrodes, nickel electrodes, palladium electrodes, platinum electrodes, silver electrodes, tin electrodes, titanium electrodes, zirconium electrodes, multivariate data analysis, principal component analysis, liquid washing detergents, electronic tongue
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-48861DOI: 10.1002/1521-4109(200206)14:12<839::AID-ELAN839>3.0.CO;2-YISI: 000176936100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-48861DiVA: diva2:269757