Surgical simulators and simulated surgeons: Reconstituting medical practice and practitioners in simulations
2007 (English)In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, Vol. 37, no 4, 585-608 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Simulators that represent human patients are being integrated into medical education. This study examines the use of a haptic-enabled, virtual reality simulator designed to allow training in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques. The paper shows how medical practices and practitioners are constructed during a simulation. By using the theoretical tools that situated learning and communities of practice provide, combined with the concept of reconstituting, I broaden the discussion of medical simulators from a concern with discrete skills and individual knowledge to an examination of how medical knowledge is created around and with computer simulators. The concept of reconstitution is presented as a theoretical term for understanding the interplay between simulators and people in practice. Rather than merely enacting simulator training, reconstituting creates a different context, different actors and different techniques during the simulation. © SSS and SAGE Publications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 37, no 4, 585-608 p.
Apprenticeship, Medical education, Medical practice, Minimally invasive surgery, Reconstituting, Simulators
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-48966DOI: 10.1177/0306312706072179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-48966DiVA: diva2:269862