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Measurement of slipperiness: Fundamental concepts and definitions
Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Otolaryngol, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Bioengn, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden.
Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Otolaryngol, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Bioengn, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden.
Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Otolaryngol, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Bioengn, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden.
Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Otolaryngol, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Bioengn, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden.
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2001 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 44, no 13, 1102-1117 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main objective of this paper is to give an overview of basic concepts and definitions of terms related to the 'measurement of slipperiness' from the onset of a foot slide to a gradual loss of balance and a fall. Other unforeseen events prior to falls (e.g. tripping) are sparingly dealt with. The measurement of slipperiness may simply comprise an estimation of slipping hazard exposures that initiate the chain of events ultimately causing an injury. However, there is also a need to consider the human capacity to anticipate slipperiness and adapt to unsafe environments for avoiding a loss of balance and an injury. Biomechanical and human-centred measurements may be utilized for such an approach, including an evaluation of relevant safety criteria for slip/fall avoidance and procedures for validation of slip test devices. Mechanical slip testing approaches have been readily utilized to measure slipperiness in terms of friction or slip resistance but with conflicting outcomes. An improved understanding of the measurement of slipperiness paradigm seems to involve an integration of the methodologies used in several disciplines, among others. injury epidemiology, psychophysics, biomechanics, motor control, materials science and tribology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 44, no 13, 1102-1117 p.
Keyword [en]
concepts of slipperiness, slipping hazards, safety criteria, definition of terms
National Category
Engineering and Technology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49008DiVA: diva2:269904
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12

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Strandberg, Lennart

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