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The role of friction in the measurement of slipperiness, Part 1: Friction mechanisms and definition of test conditions
Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland French Natl Res & Safety Inst, F-54501 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France Korea Univ, Dept Ind Engn & Informat Syst, Seoul, South Korea Tech Res Ctr Finland, VTT Bldg & Transport, Espoo 02044, Finland Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden Bucknell Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Lewisburg, PA 17837 USA Univ Wuppertal, FB14, Dept Occupat Safety, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Hlth & Safety Lab, Sheffield S3 7HQ, S Yorkshire, England.
Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland French Natl Res & Safety Inst, F-54501 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France Korea Univ, Dept Ind Engn & Informat Syst, Seoul, South Korea Tech Res Ctr Finland, VTT Bldg & Transport, Espoo 02044, Finland Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden Bucknell Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Lewisburg, PA 17837 USA Univ Wuppertal, FB14, Dept Occupat Safety, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Hlth & Safety Lab, Sheffield S3 7HQ, S Yorkshire, England.
Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland French Natl Res & Safety Inst, F-54501 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France Korea Univ, Dept Ind Engn & Informat Syst, Seoul, South Korea Tech Res Ctr Finland, VTT Bldg & Transport, Espoo 02044, Finland Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden Bucknell Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Lewisburg, PA 17837 USA Univ Wuppertal, FB14, Dept Occupat Safety, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Hlth & Safety Lab, Sheffield S3 7HQ, S Yorkshire, England.
Liberty Mutual Res Ctr Safety & Hlth, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA Finnish Inst Occupat Hlth, Dept Phys, FIN-00250 Helsinki, Finland French Natl Res & Safety Inst, F-54501 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France Korea Univ, Dept Ind Engn & Informat Syst, Seoul, South Korea Tech Res Ctr Finland, VTT Bldg & Transport, Espoo 02044, Finland Linkoping Univ, ITN Dept Sci & Technol, SE-60174 Norrkoping, Sweden Bucknell Univ, Dept Civil Engn, Lewisburg, PA 17837 USA Univ Wuppertal, FB14, Dept Occupat Safety, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Hlth & Safety Lab, Sheffield S3 7HQ, S Yorkshire, England.
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2001 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 44, no 13, 1217-1232 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Friction has been widely used as a measure of slipperiness. However, controversies around friction measurements remain. The purposes of this paper are to summarize understanding about friction measurement related to slipperiness assessment of shoe and floor interface and to define test conditions based on biomechanical observations. In addition, friction mechanisms at shoe and floor interface on dry, liquid and solid contaminated, and on icy surfaces are discussed. It is concluded that static friction measurement, by the traditional use of a drag-type device, is only suitable for dry and clean surfaces, and dynamic and transition friction methods are needed to properly estimate the potential risk on contaminated surfaces. Furthermore, at least some of the conditions at the shoe/floor interface during actual slip accidents should be replicated as test conditions for friction measurements, such as sliding speed, contact pressure and normal force build-up rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 44, no 13, 1217-1232 p.
Keyword [en]
friction, slip resistance, slipperiness
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49009DiVA: diva2:269905
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12

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Strandberg, Lennart

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