Outcome of surgery for cervical radiculopathy evaluated by determination of trapezius muscle microcirculation and electromyography
2001 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 5, no 1, 39-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Surgery for cervical radiculopathy was evaluated in 27 patients after anterior Cloward procedure (19 patients) or posterior decompression (eight patients). In addition, we examined 10 conservatively treated patients. Each patient was studied prospectively with regards to the effects on microcirculation in the local trapezius muscle during a fatiguing series of stepwise increased contractions. The right and left muscles were simultaneously examined pre-operatively and postoperatively after 9 months using laser-Doppler flowmetry and simultaneous surface electromyography (EMG). Preoperatively, a reduced microcirculation was found in the most painful side compared with the opposite side. This is in accordance with earlier reports on patients with chronic neurogenic neck pain, who also show reduced muscle tension on EMG. Postoperatively, the muscle blood flow became increased, but only in patients operated on via a posterior approach. A tendency at increased EMG-amplitude and reduced mean power frequency of the EMG was noted. These EMG signs of muscle fatigue suggest increased ability to exhaust the trapezius muscle postoperatively. The observed postoperative changes were consistently more frequent in the less painful side. We conclude from these objective measurements showing only a tendency at increased microcirculation and muscle tension postoperatively, that the effect on the trapezius muscle is limited. (C) 2001 European Federation of Chapters of the International Association for the Study of Pain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 5, no 1, 39-48 p.
intervertebral disk displacement, cervical vertebrae, blood flow, laser-Doppler, electromyography, prospective studies
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49185DOI: 10.1053/eujp.2000.0216OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49185DiVA: diva2:270081