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Water discharges determined from sediment distributions: A palaeohydrological method
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
2001 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler, ISSN 0435-3676, Vol. 83A, no 1-2, 39-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article presents a simple sediment deposition model, based on current knowledge of the processes of transport and deposition of suspended material. It indicates possibilities of interpreting flow conditions from grain-size distributions at two localities, situated along the water flowline. The model reveals new information an ancient hydrological and sedimentological processes and events. Previously the model has been applied to forecast trap efficiency of reservoirs and predict reservoir sedimentation. In this study the model is used as a palaeohydrological method in studies of annual varves. In varve geochronology a major attention has been paid to varve correlations and valve thickness variations, whereas other sedimentological data have been more or less disregarded. In this article new information on the spatial distribution of particle sizes demonstrate that further knowledge can be gained by careful studies of the patterns of grain-size distributions. Annual variations in water discharges during late glacial time were studied in the Indalsalven and Dalalven valleys in Sweden. Water discharges during the deglaciation seem to have been of the same order of magnitude as in present-day rivers during normal years. During some years catastrophic events occurred, resulting in exceptional water discharges. The magnitudes of these discharges were estimated, and drainage directions were established. It appears from the studies that there are promising prospects of finding out both the magnitude and frequency of processes that until now have been described only in qualitative terms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 83A, no 1-2, 39-54 p.
Keyword [en]
suspended sediments, depositional processes, palaeo-hydrological methods, varved sediments
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49207OAI: diva2:270103
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-13

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Calles, Bengt
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Faculty of Arts and SciencesThe Tema Institute
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