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Enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear beta-catenin are related to mutations in the APC gene in human colorectal cancer
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Univ Jonkoping, Coll Hlth Sci, Dept Nat Sci & Biomed, S-55111 Jonkoping, Sweden Fac Hlth Sci, Div Cell Biol, Dept Biomed & Surg, Linkoping, Sweden Ryhov Cty Hosp, Dept Surg, Jonkoping, Sweden Karolinska Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.
Univ Jonkoping, Coll Hlth Sci, Dept Nat Sci & Biomed, S-55111 Jonkoping, Sweden Fac Hlth Sci, Div Cell Biol, Dept Biomed & Surg, Linkoping, Sweden Ryhov Cty Hosp, Dept Surg, Jonkoping, Sweden Karolinska Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Ctr Mol Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Cell Biology.
2001 (English)In: Anticancer Research, ISSN 0250-7005, E-ISSN 1791-7530, Vol. 21, no 2A, 911-915 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mutational inactivation of the human tumour suppressor gene adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) results in constitutive activation of beta -catenin/T cell factor-4 (Tcf-4) mediated transcription of target genes. Up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein is frequently found in human colorectal cancer (CRC). We analysed 38 CRC for mutations in APC and beta -catenin and found an association between APC mutations and elevated COX-2 levels. Furthermore, APC mutations were predominantly observed in tumour tissues from the rectum compared to tumours of colonic origin. Western blot analysis revealed that nuclear beta -catenin levels were generally higher in tumours with APC mutations compared to tumours with wild type APC. However, there was also a higher level of nuclear beta -catenin in tumour compared to normal tissue, hut nuclear Tcf-4 protein was constitutively expressed in tumour and normal tissue and showed no differences. An identified putative Tcf-4 binding element in the COX-2 promoter may partly explain the enhanced level of COX-2 and support the idea that COX-2 may be a downstream target of the APC/beta -catenin/Tcf-4 pathway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 21, no 2A, 911-915 p.
Keyword [en]
cyclooxygenase-2, beta-catenin, Tcf-4, APC, colorectal cancer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49237DiVA: diva2:270133
Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12

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Söderkvist, Peter

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