RAB-Plate versus Sliding Hip Screw for Unstable Trochanteric Hip Fractures: Stability of the Fixation and Modes of Failure-Radiographic Analysis of 218 Fractures
2001 (English)In: The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, ISSN 2163-0755, Vol. 50, no 3, 545-550 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The sliding hip screw has gained considerable acceptance in the treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures. However, the new type of 120 degrees fixed angle blade-plate with a buttress rod (RAB-plate) showed encouraging clinical results. The purpose of this study was to assess stability of fixation and analyze modes of failure in unstable trochanteric hip fractures treated with these devices.
Methods: A retrospective radiographic review of 218 unstable fractures was performed. Linear and angular displacements of the major fragments and implant migration into the femoral head during healing were assessed. Additionally, adequacy of the reduction and the location of the implant within the femoral head as predictors of fixation failure were evaluated.
Results: The postreduction neck-shaft angle was maintained in the majority of the fractures in both groups. However, there was a significantly higher incidence of varus angulation by 10 degrees or more by the completion of healing among fractures treated with the sliding hip screw (p = 0.04). There was no statistically significant difference in vertical migration of the device into the femoral head between the implants used (p = 0.3). There was a significant relationship between failure of the fixation and varus reduction (p = 0.04) as well as screw/neck angle deviation more than 20 degrees in the lateral projection (p = 0.005) or if the implant was in a superior or posterior position (p = 0.02).
Conclusion: The RAB-plate provided a more stable fixation, especially with regard to maintained postoperative alignment. However, positive predictors for fixation failure were identical for both devices. Here, the screw/neck angle deviation has had the strongest significance for prediction of fixation failure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 50, no 3, 545-550 p.
unstable trochanteric fractures, rigid nail plate, RAB-plate, sliding hip screw, fixation failure
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-49332OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-49332DiVA: diva2:270228